Buy A Steel Watch!

Until now, everyone has watched the Avengers? Whether in or out of the show, Iron Man is a crucial factor in the Marvel universe. This has caused my association: In the watch universe, the material ‘steel’ may play an equally important role. Even, to a certain extent, steel is likely to be the best case material, without one. The Precious Metals Party and the Mafia Party are in no hurry to oppose it. Listen to me. There is a saying ‘Things are rare and expensive.’ From this perspective, steel seems to be far less than scarce precious metals such as gold, platinum, and platinum. However, from another perspective, from the perspective of practicality and price, steel is undoubtedly better than the latter. Color Let’s look at colors first. Steel is usually white, which is very close to precious metals such as platinum and platinum, which makes steel have an incomparable advantage. But this is not absolute. White is a special color. According to light and optical knowledge, white is the state in which an object reflects after reflecting all colors of light (for comparison, black is the state in which an object absorbs all colors of light). Therefore, Under angled light, white objects are more likely to exhibit different shades. So if you look closely, there are still some differences between steel and these white precious metals. Platinum is usually warmer and yellower than steel. As for how warm and yellow it is, it depends on which other metal elements (such as platinum, silver, and nickel) are incorporated. Different content ratios will make the degree of white different, but overall it is warmer than steel. Yellow. In contrast to platinum, platinum is particularly ‘white’ and brighter. If a platinum shell is added with iridium or ruthenium, it will show a pure white tone; if cobalt is added, it will have a little blue tone, which is closer to stainless steel. And platinum is usually plated with rhodium to keep it ‘white’ for longer. Speaking of steel. Most of the steel used in watches today is 316L steel. Rolex uses 904L steel. In fact, the two look similar. After polishing the steel, the brightness is comparable to that of platinum, slightly lower than platinum, and at the same time it will bring a little blue. Overall, its gloss will be ‘cold’ than platinum and platinum. However, although I have said so much, the visual difference between these three materials is actually very small. Unless you’re a seasoned player, it’s impossible to give you a watch and quickly tell if it’s steel, platinum or platinum. Of course, people who buy platinum or platinum are not fools. If you put the three watches together, you can still see the difference under the same light and angle-but this opportunity is not many. Price From the above we know that the appearance difference between steel and platinum can be regarded as 2%, and the difference from platinum is about 1.5%. Gold is also pulled in for comparison, and the appearance difference between steel and gold is about 100%. Now the question is, how much will consumers pay for these differences? Let me calculate for you. The price of 1 kg of steel is about 13 yuan, and the price of 1 kg of platinum and platinum is more than 200,000 yuan (the data is a bit old, and the prices of precious metals of different specifications are also different, here is only approximate). , The difference of about 2% in appearance, the result is likely to be a price difference of ten thousand times. (Watch manufacturers may hit me when they watch) Value But then again, precious metals are not the only determinant of whether a watch is expensive. The price of the watch will also be affected by many aspects, such as function, polishing and so on. In each precious metal watch, the amount of precious metal contained in the case is also different. I roughly divided a range: 40 grams to 90 grams. So in combination with the above price and other configurations being the same, a gold watch should theoretically only cost 10,000 or 20,000 yuan more than a steel watch. But the ideal is full and the reality is skinny. Take Daytona as an example. Just looking at the public price, Gangdi is about 100,000, Platinum is more than 200,000, and Platinum is more than 500,000. The premium ranges from 100,000 to 500,000-then look at the theoretical difference between the different metal materials above. But only one or two thousand. Does it taste good? Quantity How did such a high premium come from? Many people may say, ‘Things are rare. Platinum and platinum are very rare, naturally making related watches more precious.’ Is this really the case? Actually not exactly. In most people’s eyes, precious metals are indeed a very scarce resource. For example, the average annual output of steel is about 9.5 million times that of platinum-does it sound too much? But looking at the figures again, the annual output of steel is about 1.5 billion tons, and the annual output of platinum is about 150 tons. In this way, platinum is really not scarce to that extent. Even if a watch contains 90 grams of platinum (which is basically the highest content), these platinum can make 1.65 million watches. Taking a step back, it is impossible to use all the platinum produced every year for watch making. Most of the platinum is used for some more important industrial uses, leaving only about 25% to the jewelry industry. Even so, however, the amount of platinum used for watchmaking is relatively sufficient. Similarly, gold is similar. Part of the reason for the high premium of precious metals is that the output of the metal itself is much less than that of steel (but the absolute number is quite a lot); the other part is the marketing of the brand, which involves consumer psychology. I believe that everyone can understand it at this moment. Already. Therefore, considering the premium factor, stainless steel is really a cost-effective choice. Performance We just talked about the comparison between steel and precious metals from the appearance and price. So what about performance? First look at precious metals. Gold and platinum are materials that have been used by humans for thousands of years. The reason why they are prosperous is that their luster is very beautiful and they can last for a long time without changing. The second is because their hardness is relative to other metals Not high and easier to handle. If you think about it, the second point is obviously both an advantage and a disadvantage. Because it is not ‘hard’, it is very convenient to handle, but it is also very troublesome to use. Scratches and the like appear at every turn, which is distressing. Many watch friends have reflected on this. From Rolex to affordable brands, gold watches will be scratched in a short period of time. How to solve this ‘not hard enough’ problem? The answer is to add other metals and form alloys to increase their hardness, rigidity, abrasion resistance, etc. But in general, no matter how you add it, its durability is beyond steel. This is very embarrassing. And adding non-precious metals to precious metals has a taste of depreciation. Take platinum for example. Generally, 5% ruthenium or 5% platinum and iridium are added to the platinum used as the watch case. The hardness of the latter combination (Vickers hardness) is only about half that of soft platinum and annealed stainless steel; the former combination performs better, and the hardness can be comparable to that of annealed platinum or 316L steel. (PS: Annealing is a process of metal processing, which is roughly a process of heating and cooling. During annealing, the metal is in a softened state, which is conducive to processing). How about the hardness of other materials? Still speak with data. The hardness of titanium is about 800 Vickers; ceramics are 2-4 times higher than titanium; the maximum hardness of platinum and platinum is about 230 Vickers; stainless steel in the fully annealed state is about 155 Vickers, and Steel in the final form can reach 390 Vickers, which is about 70% higher than platinum and platinum. This data clearly shows that the handling resistance of steel is much better than platinum and platinum. It is also important to note that when platinum and platinum are hardened, their brittleness will increase, and the possibility of damage will increase from the other side (for example, an extreme example, such as slamming into a door frame). In contrast, the impact resistance of steel will be much better and the abrasion resistance will also outperform. I don’t believe that you can compare the steel and gold watches of the same year. And in the production process, many precious metals are more troublesome than steel. Here again, platinum and platinum are taken as examples. Due to their high density, they are more difficult to process than steel, and the tools wear faster. For example, a set of tools can process 50 units of steel, but under the same conditions, only 5 to 10 platinum or platinum can be processed. Moreover, since precious metals are much more valuable than steel, the procedures for personnel management, safety management, and waste recycling in the production process will be more cumbersome. For example, every minute waste material is carefully collected during reprocessing, and then returned to the furnace to be rebuilt. The extra cost incurred at this point cannot be ignored. In general, the production cost and production cycle of precious metal watches are larger, which is also an important factor in forming a high premium. Conclusions Lili said so much, the conclusion should be clear: steel is a better watchmaking material than precious metals. In terms of appearance, precious metals like platinum and platinum are not much different from steel; in terms of price, steel is very cheap; in terms of performance, steel is even more successful. The only drawback may be that it is not rare enough. But aside from these rational factors, from the perspective of perceptual factors, the attraction of steel is sometimes inferior to that of precious metals. You know, stainless steel was something that was invented only in the last century; and gold was made as long as thousands of years ago. It carries a lot of cultural significance and is a precious symbol. Compared with other new materials, steel still has its own advantages, that is, appearance. Materials such as ceramics and titanium are better than steel in performance, but they are not as ‘flashing’ and ‘bright’ as steel. In terms of overall appearance, performance and price, steel is indeed a good choice for the best of both worlds. Of course, everything has an inevitable reason. Precious metals and other materials can sell well today, and have their own charm. Although ‘Iron Man’ can stand alone, other heroes cannot be ignored! What kind of material do you like best? Do not ask for powder, just talk about the public number of the watch